The World’s Longest Mountain Ranges

On every of the seven continents, there are mountain ranges. These chains or ranges are the place most mountains are discovered somewhat than singly. This may be attributed to how they shaped: When tectonic plates collide or converge, the Earth’s crust might be folded, bent, and altered in such a means that some parts rise steeply into the environment. The end result is a landform often known as mountains, which has drawn important curiosity since historical instances. The Rocky Mountains and the Andes, which lengthen from North America by way of South America, the Atlas Mountains in Africa, the Himalayas in Asia, and the Alps in Europe are a number of the main mountain ranges. On the backside of the ocean is the world’s longest mountain vary. Beneath are the world’s longest mountain ranges on land.

1. Andes (~ 7,000 km)

Lake in the Andes in Peru
The Andes in Peru.

The Andes are a spread of mountains that encircle seven nations: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. The Andes stretch for round 4,300 miles alongside the west coast of South America. The vary can be well-known for its volcanoes, historical civilizations’ ruins, and the placement of a malaria treatment. The tectonic plates underneath the crust of the Earth got here collectively to provide the Andes. The Andes Mountains are an extended and slender mountain vary. The Andes are between 120 and 430 miles huge from east to west alongside their complete size. The Northern Andes, Central Andes, and Southern Andes are the three divisions of the Andes. The local weather and habitats range drastically all through every area.

2. Southern Nice Escarpment (~ 5,000 km)

great escarpment
The Drakensberg Amphitheatre in South Africa.

The Southern Nice Escarpment, which ranks second on this checklist, is a mountain vary in Africa that stretches approx. 3,100 miles by way of South Africa, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Lesotho, Namibia, and Angola. The central highland plateau of the area is split from the comparatively restricted coastal strip by the sting of southern Africa. It’s a important geographical function of Africa that contains steep slopes descending towards the oceans surrounding southern Africa on three sides from the excessive central Southern African plateau. Totally different names are utilized to completely different stretches of the Nice Escarpment, essentially the most well-known part being the Drakensberg, which is the very best peak (11,424 toes above sea degree) and is positioned in South Africa.

3. Rocky Mountains (~ 4,800 km)

Rocky Mountains
The Rocky Mountains and Moraine Lake in Banff Nationwide Park.

The Rocky Mountains run by way of North America’s western portion, from Alaska to Mexico, and proceed because the Andes Mountains in South America. They’re the cordilleran spine of the good upland system. Within the central USA, the Rocky Mountains are about 5,000 km lengthy and almost 500 km huge. Quite a few distinct ranges make up the mountains. With a top of 4,400 meters, Mount Elbert is the tallest peak. A group of mountain ranges with distinctive geological histories kind the Rocky Mountain Vary. The Rocky Mountains in america have been created by distinctive subduction. Due to the shallow angle at which the Farallon Plate subducted beneath the North American Plate, there was elevated friction, which led to the buildup of layers of crust on high of each other. 

4. Transantarctic Mountains (~ 3,500 km)

Transantarctic mountains
Antarctica’s Transantarctic Mountains seen from air.

The fourth-longest mountain vary spans the whole thing of Antarctica, overlaying round 2,200 miles. The transantarctic Mountains are an enormous mountain vary in Antarctica that separates East Antarctica and West Antarctica from each other. They include a number of teams of mountains with distinct names, a number of of that are additional divided into smaller ranges. James Clark Ross made the primary statement of the vary in 1841 on the location that may subsequently bear his identify, the Ross Ice Shelf. Throughout the British Nationwide Antarctic Expedition of 1901–1904, it was first traversed. The vary, which extends throughout your entire continent from Cape Adare to Coats Land, is made up of a number of sedimentary layers which are layered on high of a basement or core of granite and gneiss rocks.

4. Nice Dividing Vary (~ 3,500 km)

Yarrunga valley of the Nice Dividing vary of Southern Highlands in Australia.

With a size of greater than 2,200 miles, the Nice Dividing Vary, generally known as the Jap Highlands, is Australia’s longest mountain vary. It runs almost parallel to the east and southeast coasts of the nation. There are a number of hills, mountains, and plateaus there. The New England Plateau, the Australian Alps, the Snowy Mountains, the Blue Mountains, and the Grampian Mountains are a few of these mountain ranges. It helps a variety of species of vegetation and animals that can not be discovered anyplace else on earth. The best mountains and longest rivers each originate there. Gregory Blaxland, W.C. Wentworth, and William Lawson traveled the vary in 1813. Agriculture, lumbering, and mining are actually important industries within the space.

6. Himalayas (~ 2,600 km)

The Himalayan Mountain vary in Nepal.

The Himalayan Mountains stretch over the northern edges of the Indian subcontinent for almost 1,600 miles, forming a big steady arc. The Himalayan Mountain vary or the “Himalayas” or “the abode of Snow” in Sanskrit, is a bunch of mountains in Asia. Its size causes it to span a complete of 5 nations. India, Pakistan, China, Bhutan, and Nepal. The Himalayan Mountains separate the Tibetan plateau’s plains from the Indian subcontinents. Within the southern and japanese areas of the Asian continent, greater than 15,000 glaciers cowl giant areas of land and provide water to greater than a billion individuals. Over 50 mountains greater than 7,200 meters are a part of the Himalayan Mountain System, together with the 8,848 m excessive Mount Everest, the world’s tallest peak.

7. Ural Mountains (~ 2,500 km)

The Urals.

A pure border between Europe and Asia is created by the Urals, which rise like an extended, slender backbone throughout western Russia. The vary of mountains is 1,550 meters lengthy. The Urals are among the many oldest mountains on Earth, shaped between 250 and 300 million years in the past due to continental collisions. Whereas basalts predominate on the japanese facet, limestone, dolomite, and sandstone have been left over from the area’s former shallow waters on the western facet. The Urals have been mined for a whole bunch of years and are among the many world’s wealthiest mineral areas.

For a lot of, mountains could be a supply of livelihood, meals, and water in addition to an historical cultural and religious beacon, an adventurous journey vacation spot, the placement of a grueling private problem, or just a surprising view from a balcony at a dream trip spot. Along with being important habitats for biodiversity, mountain ranges and the lands round them function key venues for indigenous teams’ religious and cultural practices and function their properties. Due to this, these locations must be dealt with rigorously and with respect.

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