Africa Map / Map of Africa

African Historical past

African Origin of Trendy People

As for Africa, scientists have previously concluded that it’s the birthplace of mankind, as giant numbers of human-like fossils (found no the place else) have been discovered on the continent, some relationship again 3.5 million years.

About 1.75 million years in the past, early man unfold all through elements of Africa. They grew to become aggressive hunters, lived in caves and used hearth and their capacity to create stone instruments simply to outlive.

The Neanderthals arose some 200,000 years in the past and inhabited areas in northern Africa and throughout elements of southern Europe. There’s additionally clear proof that they’d management of fireplace, lived in caves, in addition to open-air buildings of stone and vegetation.

One of the essential developments of primitive man was the creation of stone instruments. By 5000 BC farming was considerably widespread within the northern areas of Africa, as individuals have been rising crops and herding livestock. Throughout that point the Sahara Desert was a fertile space.

Historical African Historical past

In 3200 BC the Egyptian tradition emerged alongside the decrease reaches of the Nile River; it was among the many earliest civilizations and their instruments and weapons have been product of bronze. Additionally they pioneered the constructing of large pyramids and temples.

Egyptians additionally developed arithmetic, an revolutionary system of medication, irrigation and agricultural manufacturing strategies, writing and the primary ships. In brief, the Egyptians left a long-lasting legacy upon the world.

Round 600 BC using steel instruments unfold throughout small inhabitants bases and farming teams in North Africa, and their use steadily unfold south into what’s now known as South Africa.

The Phoenicians have been an enterprising maritime buying and selling tradition from Lebanon who unfold throughout the Mediterranean from 1550 BC to 300 BC. In 814 BC, they based the town of Carthage in what’s now Tunisia in north Africa; solely to be destroyed by the Romans in 146 BC.

In the meantime, the Egyptians continued to unfold their tradition throughout Northern Africa, and kingdoms have been created in Ethiopia and Sudan. The then-growing Roman Empire continued to increase its affect, and in 30 BC Egypt grew to become a province of Rome; Morocco the identical in 42 AD.

Earlier than the Center Ages started, the Roman Empire collapsed and the Arabs shortly took their place on the continent. In 698-700 they invaded Tunis and Carthage and shortly managed all of coastal North Africa. The Arabs have been Muslims, and most of North Africa transformed to Islam; Ethiopia was the exception.

Quickly kingdoms emerged in Africa; they traded with the Arabs utilizing gold plus a invaluable commodity – slaves. One of many first kingdoms was Ghana, situated in what’s now southeastern Mauritania and western Mali. The empire grew wealthy from the trans-Saharan commerce in gold and salt, however then misplaced its energy within the eleventh century.

Extra kingdoms developed throughout the continent, together with these in Benin and Mali. Each grew to become wealthy by buying and selling in gold, horse salt, and naturally, slaves. And like most kingdoms earlier than them on any continent, they have been invaded and ultimately destroyed.

Mogadishu, the now largest metropolis in Somalia, was settled by Arabs who traveled and traded on the east coast of Africa. The Arabs’ attain prolonged to Zanzibar, which was used as a base for voyages between the Center East and India.

As different organized kingdoms have been shaped in central and southern Africa, the Portuguese started to discover the western coast of Africa. By 1445 they reached the Cape Verde Islands and the coast of Senegal, and the mouth of the River Congo in 1482. They even sailed across the Cape of Good Hope.


African Colonization and the Slave Commerce

The continent-changing Sixteenth Century started with Europeans transporting African slaves to the Americas for revenue. A slave bought on the African coast for the equal of 14 English kilos in bartered items may promote for 45 kilos within the American market.

The most effective-known methodology of commerce on the time was known as the Triangular Buying and selling System. It concerned British and different European international locations’ manufactured items which have been shipped to Africa, then slaves from there to the West Indies after which sugar and different merchandise again to Europe.

On the similar time, Barbary pirates alongside the North African coast captured hundreds of ships. From the Sixteenth to nineteenth century, an estimated 800,000 to 1.25 million individuals have been taken captive as slaves. The pirates’ influence on the continent, nevertheless, peaked within the early to mid-Seventeenth century.

As tales of African riches unfold north, the Europeans based their first actual colonies within the early Sixteenth century, when the Portuguese settled in what’s now Angola. Later, the Dutch based a colony in what’s now South Africa.

Sturdy actions to finish slavery started within the late 18th century. France grew to become one of many first international locations to abolish slavery in 1794. Britain banned slave commerce in 1807, nevertheless it was not formally abolished for good till 1848. In some elements of Africa, slave-like practices proceed to this present day and have confirmed tough to remove.

Wholesale colonization of Africa by European international locations started in 1814 when the British snatched the Dutch Colony of South Africa. Carved up like a big pie, the Brits, Dutch,French, Germans and Portuguese grabbed all the out there items.

By the top of the nineteenth century, from Algeria to Zimbabwe, and from Botswana to Niger, the continent was now all however managed by European powers. Within the early twentieth century the land seize continued because the British took management of Egypt.

By 1920, the pressured occupation of African lands started to bitter in Europe, and alter was within the wind. Africans have been additionally pushed by their passionate want for independence and the motion for similar grew to become unstoppable. By mid-century many of the continent was impartial, with Angola lastly free in 1975.

Publish-Colonial Africa

Self-government introduced greater than its share of civil wars, coup d’états and ethnic conflicts to the newly emerged international locations. Add to that blend some horrible genocides, together with famines and out-of-control illness (HIV/AIDS), and Africa was teetering on the sting, and in lots of areas nonetheless does in the present day.

Though Africa stays the world’s poorest inhabited continent, there are a lot of vivid spots on this land of over one billion individuals and its 2,000 + languages. Vital financial and social good points have taken place over the previous couple of years, with South Africa, Nigeria, Morocco and Egypt main the way in which.

The most important segments of contemporary Africa’s economies are agriculture and mining, with tourism rising in some areas. Manufacturing industries have grown giant sufficient to ship merchandise throughout the planet, and the oil export revenues of Angola, Libya and Nigeria have the potential to alter the lives of hundreds of thousands.

At this time the 54 international locations of Africa have nice potential, however this query should be requested: “Can it change quickly sufficient to satisfy the wants of its individuals?” We will solely hope so.

Africa Geography Information

For extra geography particulars please use the yellow navigation bar on the prime of this web page.

Attention-grabbing Information About Africa

Two of Africa’s most fascinating geographical options are the Nile River System and Sahara Desert; each spectacular in so some ways.

Nile River System: The Nile is a north-flowing river thought-about the longest river on the earth at 6,650 km (4,130 mi) lengthy. It’s shared by and advantages eleven international locations. The White Nile and Blue Nile are its main tributaries. The White Nile is longer and rises within the Nice Lakes area of central Africa, flowing north from Tanzania to South Sudan. The Blue Nile is the supply of many of the water and each rivers be part of close to Khartoum, Sudan The northern part of the river flows nearly totally via desert, from Sudan into Egypt. The Nile ends in a big delta that empties into the Mediterranean Sea.

Sahara Desert: It is the world’s hottest desert, the third largest desert after Antarctica and the Arctic, and nearly as giant as China. Overlaying nearly one-third of the continent, the Sahara is the biggest sizzling desert on the earth at roughly 3,500,000 sq. miles (9,065,000 sq. km) in whole dimension. Topography contains areas of rock-strewn plains, rolling sand dunes and quite a few sand seas. It ranges in elevation from 100 ft. beneath sea degree, to peaks within the Ahaggar and Tibesti Mountains, that exceed 11,000 ft. (3,350m). Regional deserts embrace the Libyan, Nubian and the Western desert of Egypt, simply to the west of the Nile. Virtually fully with out rainfall, just a few underground rivers stream from the Atlas Mountains, serving to to irrigate remoted oases. Within the east, the waters of the Nile assist fertilize smaller elements of the panorama.

Africa Info

  • Africa well-known native little children
  • Africa info and figures, capital cities and forex
  • Africa nation flags
  • Africa land statistics, highest and lowest factors
  • Africa landforms, lakes, mountains and rivers
  • Africa latitude, longitude and relative places
  • Africa hyperlinks to main points of interest and factors of curiosity
  • Africa maps, define, political and topographical
  • Africa symbols, coat of arms and flags
  • Africa time zones and present instances
  • Africa timeline of occasions and historical past
  • Africa journey data, airfares, cruises and prepare journey
  • Africa climate forecasts and present circumstances

Maps of Africa

Africa, the planet’s 2nd largest continent and the second most-populous continent (after Asia) contains (54) particular person international locations, and Western Sahara, a member state of the African Union whose statehood is disputed by Morocco. Be aware that South Sudan is the continent’s latest nation.

With a 2011 inhabitants of 1,032,532,974, it accounts for simply over 14% of the world’s human inhabitants. It additionally comprises the Nile River system, the world’s longest, and the large Sahara Desert, the world’s largest.

Africa is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, each the Suez Canal and the Crimson Sea alongside the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the east and southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Nation Map of Africa Define

Africa outline map

Define map of the Africa continent together with the disputed territory of Western Sahara

print this map

Political Map of Africa

Africa political map

Political maps are designed to indicate governmental boundaries of nations, states, and counties, the placement of main cities, they usually often embrace important our bodies of water. Like within the pattern, vivid colours are sometimes used to assist the consumer discover the borders. A bigger model of this map right here.

Topographical Map of Africa

africa topographical map

A topographic map highlights hills, mountains and valleys of a selected land space by exaggerated shading somewhat than through the use of contour traces. This topo map clearly reveals the flatness of the Sahara Desert, the melancholy that Lake Chad sits in, the excessive mountains of the Nice Rift Valley, and it additionally highlights Lake Victoria, all however surrounded by mountains.

Nice Rift Valley African Map

Africa great rift valley map

It is a slice of a bigger topographical map that highlights the Nice Rift Valley, a dramatic melancholy on the earth’s floor, roughly 4,000 miles (6,400 km) in size, extends from the Crimson Sea space close to Jordan within the Center East,, south to the African nation of Mozambique. In essence, it is a collection of geological faults attributable to large volcanic eruptions centuries again, that subsequently created what we now name the Ethiopian Highlands, and a collection of perpendicular cliffs, mountain ridges, rugged valleys and really deep lakes alongside its total size. Lots of Africa’s highest mountains entrance the Rift Valley, together with Mount Kilimanjaro,Mount Kenya and Mount Margherita.

For extra particulars on lots of the landforms of Africa, this web page will assist

Africa Satellite tv for pc View Map

satellite view of Africa

This NASA satellite tv for pc view of Africa might be helpful in lots of purposes, together with agriculture, geology, forestry, meteorology, intelligence and warfare. As well as, it is an ideal schooling instrument because it supplies an outline of Africa, with the desert areas of the north, the central fertile areas and the numerous topography of the southern areas of the continent are clearly seen.

Historic African Map 1570

Africa Tabula Nova Map

Superbly designed the map represents a excessive mark of Sixteenth-century mapmaking, it reveals Africa in a recognizable form, with a extra pointed southern cape. Madagascar seems, as do the place-names of quite a few cities alongside the coasts and within the inside, though giant empty areas start to dominate there. No animal or plants is indicated, however the oceans comprise swordfish and a whale. Three ships within the decrease proper are caught within the smoke of battle.  The map was designed by Abraham Ortelius who revealed the Theatrum, the worlds first atlas.

Map of Africa Previous to Colonization

African Map 1812

A map depicting Africa earlier than colonization in 1812 by Arrowsmith and Lewis, printed in Boston by Thomas & Andrews.

1910 Map of the Colonization of Africa

African Colonization

Historic map of Africa reveals the possessions of the completely different European Powers in 1910

What International locations are in Africa? 

There are 54 international locations the are internationally acknowledged. Full checklist bellow, for particular person nation maps observe the hyperlinks

World Information

Helpful data on populations and extra which can be up to date weekly.

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