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What Is Terrace Farming? – WorldAtlas

Terraced Rice Discipline in Chiangmai, Thailand. Picture credit score: Chatrawee Wiratgasem/Shutterstock.com
  • Terrace farming is a technique of farming whereby “steps” referred to as terraces are constructed onto the slopes of hills and mountains for use for crop cultivation.
  • Terrace farming is often utilized in Asia by rice-growing international locations similar to Vietnam, Philippines, and Indonesia.
  • Terrace farming prevents the washing away of soil vitamins by the rains. This results in the expansion of wholesome crops.
  • There are two sorts of terracing referred to as graded terracing and degree terracing.

Terrace farming was invented by the Inca individuals who lived within the South American mountains. This farming methodology has made cultivation of crops in hilly or mountainous areas attainable. It’s generally utilized in Asia by rice-growing international locations similar to Vietnam, Philippines, and Indonesia. Actually, the terraces of rice discovered within the Philippine’s Cordilleras have been acknowledged as a UNESCO World Heritage Web site. Aside from rice cultivation, terraces are additionally used to develop rice, potatoes, and maize. Terrace farming can also be generally utilized in islands such because the Canary Islands, as a result of they’ve hilly terrains.

How Does Terrace Farming Work?

A farmer farming on a rice terrace. Picture credit score: Thirawatana Phaisalratana/Shutterstock.com

Terrace farming is a technique of farming whereby “steps” referred to as terraces are constructed onto the slopes of hills and mountains. When it rains, as an alternative of rain carrying away the soil vitamins and vegetation down the slope, they stream to the subsequent terrace. Each step has an outlet which channels water to the subsequent step. This helps in maintaining some areas dry and others moist. On very excessive altitudes, different crops aside from rice could be grown. It is because rice doesn’t do nicely at excessive altitudes. There are two sorts of terracing referred to as graded terracing and degree terracing. A graded terrace might have both fixed or variable grades alongside its size. Quite the opposite, the extent terraces comply with a contour line and are greatest suited to permeable soil.

The Benefits Of Terrace Farming

Terraced Paddy Discipline in Mae-Jam Village , Chaingmai Province , Thailand. Picture credit score: Journey Mania/Shutterstock.com

Terrace farming prevents the washing away of soil vitamins by the rains. This results in the expansion of wholesome crops. Secondly, it prevents the carrying away of vegetation by the heavy flowing rivers of water. Typically rain water carries away the crops resulting in low crop yield. Thirdly, terraces assist in discount of soil erosion and water loss. The fourth advantage of terrace farming is that it has made the idle hillside land turn into productive. Lastly, terraces lure rainwater permitting the folks to interact in cultivation of water-intensive crops similar to rice.

Terrace farming is a crucial agricultural methodology that has made farming in mountainous components of the world attainable. Its absence would have led to most components of Asia being unproductive. Therefore it must be explored in different components of the world similar to Africa, America and different components of the Asia that aren’t but utilizing it. Terrace farming is ready to flip the moist idle land into productive farms resulting in excessive meals safety on the earth. It additionally helps in retaining the soil vitamins within the farms.

Disadvantages Of Terrace Farming

Terrace farming can result in rainwater saturation. That is harmful because it causes the overflow of water in the course of the wet season. The consequence of overflowing water is that it causes extra harmful water runoffs.Terraces can also lead to mudslides if not nicely managed. One other limitation of terrace farming is that there’s want for big inputs of labor to assemble and preserve the terraces. Therefore it’s costly as it’s labor intensive. Nevertheless, it may be low-cost if there’s entry to low-cost labor. Terrace farming additionally results in the discount in soil high quality because of the leaching course of.

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