The right way to Inform if Cattle are Cows, Bulls, Heifers, or Steers (with Footage)

Belgian Blue Cattle

While you first get into the cattle trade, it may be troublesome to know the right way to distinguish your cattle. There are a variety of technical phrases that check with the cattle’s age, gender, offspring, and extra. 4 of crucial phrases to know embrace cow, bull, heifer, and steer.

To study what every of those phrases imply and the right way to inform what your cattle is, preserve studying.

Essential Definitions to Know

  • Cow: Mature feminine that has given delivery to no less than one calf.
  • Bull: Mature male that’s intact and infrequently used for reproductive functions.
  • Heifer: Feminine that’s between the age of 1 and a pair of years and has not reproduced.
  • Bred Heifer: Feminine that’s between the age of 1 and a pair of years and pregnant however has not given delivery but.
  • Steer: Male bovine that was castrated earlier than sexual maturity.
  • Stag: Male bovine that was castrated after sexual maturity.

What Is The Distinction Between Cows and Bulls?

Texas Longhorn Cattle
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The phrases cow and bull check with mature bovine which can be usually used for breeding functions. Cow describes feminine bovine which have given delivery to no less than one calf. For the reason that cow has given delivery earlier than, it’s absolutely mature.

Equally, the time period bull refers to a mature male bovine that can be utilized for breeding functions. For use for breeding functions, the bull should have its testicles current and intact. This distinction is a vital one as a result of it’s what distinguishes a bull from a steer.

Are All Cows Feminine?

Technically talking, all cows are feminine. Although colloquially “cow” is used to explain any domesticated bovine, it technically solely refers to feminine bovine that has reproduced.

How To Know if Your Cattle Is A Cow or Bull?

The right way to know whether or not your cattle is a cow or bull is comparatively straightforward. Whether it is feminine and given delivery to no less than one calf, it’s a cow. Likewise, in case your cattle is a male and has its testicles intact, it’s a bull. In case your cattle has not given delivery or doesn’t have its testicles intact, it’s neither a cow nor a bull.

If you happen to aren’t certain of the gender of your animal, it’s best to be capable of look beneath the animal to find out its gender. Cows may have udders close to its again legs. Bulls have a testicular sac between his hind legs.

What Is The Distinction Between Bulls and Steers?

Belgian Blue Cattle
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Each bulls and steers are male bovines. Nonetheless, there’s a distinction between these cattle. As we realized above, bulls are male bovines which can be mature and intact. Bulls are sometimes used for breeding functions in consequence.

In distinction, steers are male bovines which were castrated nicely earlier than reaching sexual maturity. Steers are nearly completely used for beef functions since they can not reproduce.

The right way to Know the Distinction Between a Bull and Steer

Figuring out whether or not your male bovine is a bull or steer can also be straightforward. If the animal is undamaged, it’s a bull. If it was castrated earlier than sexual maturity, then the bovine is a steer. If you happen to bought the animal castrated after sexual maturity, it’s a stag as an alternative.

What Is The Distinction Between Cows and Heifers?

Very similar to the distinction between bulls and steers, the distinction between cows and heifers is delicate. Each phrases describe feminine bovine. The one distinction is their stage of maturity and offspring.

As a reminder, cows are feminine bovines which have had no less than one calf. Heifers are additionally feminine bovine, however they aren’t absolutely mature but however nonetheless older than a calf. Most heifers are between one and two years previous and have by no means given delivery to a calf in consequence. A heifer that’s pregnant however has not given delivery to its first calf but is known as a bred heifer.

The right way to Know the Distinction Between a Cow and Heifer

You’ll be able to decide whether or not your feminine bovine is a cow or heifer by contemplating its age and whether or not it has reproduced. Most feminine bovine between the ages of 1 and two are heifers. Most females over the age of two have reproduced and are thus cows.

White Park cattle
Picture Credit score: wernerdetjen, Pixabay

Different Phrases to Know

  • Ox: Bovine used for draft work, normally male.
  • Calf: Immature bovine.
  • Bull Calf: Immature bovine that’s intact.
  • Steer Calf: Immature bovine that was castrated shortly after delivery.
  • Heifer Calf: Immature feminine bovine.
  • Freemartin: Infertile or sterile heifer/heifer calf.

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Though cows, bulls, heifers, and steers belong to the identical group of animals, they’re not all the identical. Each cows and heifers are feminine bovine, whereas bulls and steers are male bovine. The distinctions between these phrases develop into much more delicate from there. Cows have had calves whereas heifers haven’t, and bulls can reproduce whereas steers can’t.

These 4 phrases are removed from being the one phrases to find out about your cattle, however they’re crucial for getting began.

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Featured Picture Credit score: Clara Bastian, Shutterstock

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